Introduction to Jordan
Jordan is located southwest Asia, constituting the southern tip of the Levant region and just north of the Arabian Peninsula. Almost landlocked, the nation covers an area of Jordan 89.287 square kilometers with an outlet to the Red Sea.
The Jordan River Valley stretches the length Kingdom of Jordan from North to South—an extension of the Great Rift Valley. The Valley plunges to the lowest point on earth, the Dead Sea, and continues along the Jordan River to the Golan Heights as the country’s western border. To the East of the river valley, Jordan becomes a high plateau out to the eastern desert region, called the ‘badia’.
Major terrain features
Along the Jordan River Valley river system, there are three main sections:
A. Gore River Jordan: With the Jordan River to the west and the highlands to the east, this valley has the country’s most intensive agriculture, fed by irrigation. In this valley is a watershed system sandwiched between a poor area of land know as Ketar, and the al-Zour floodplain. This watershed supplies the Jordan River in the northern part of the country.
.B The Dead Sea: Midway down the Jordan River Valley is the Dead Sea, the lowest point in the world (420 meters below sea level). The northern half of the Sea hosts many tourist facilities as well as some cities.
C. Wadi Araba: In the southernmost section of the valley, this ‘wadi’ rises up into the highlands that separate the low western portion of the country from the eastern desert highlands. This plateau is interspersed with mountainous rock formations between the Yarmouk River in the north and Jordanian borders Saudi Arabia to the south, with an average height of 1,200 meters above sea level. The highlands descend gradually towards the east, becoming a plateau in the desert.
Also called the Eastern Desert, the Badia desert is a stretch of the eastern plateau highlands in Jordan, and the northern extension of the plateau in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The area has softly rolling geological features, both sand dunes and broken mountain ranges, especially near Ma’an. This region constitutes 75 percent of the total area of Jordan, and the harsh natural conditions limit the presence of urban centers.
Jordan’s climate in the northern part of the country is partially Mediterranean, with mild summer and winter temperatures. The climate is subtropical in the Jordan Valley, with hot, humid summers and warm winters. The Badia’s climate is fully arid with hot summers and cold winters.
The average monthly temperature in the month of January in Amman, Irbid and Aqaba, 7, 8, 16 ° C, respectively, rising to 25, 25, and 31 degrees Celsius in the month of July, with the warmest temperatures occurring in August. The average rainfall is more than 290 mm in both Amman and Irbid, but only 35 mm in Aqaba.
Our Environmental Volunteers team launched in 2011 as the HU Greeners. We completed many projects, seminars, and workshops, participating in conferences such as Green Wall Project and a Bring your own Cup Campaign. We recently received our official NGO status and have become the Green Generation Foundation (GGF).
Regional Day of Action October 2012 at Rinbow St.
In 6th of October 2012 we’ve started the Day of Action under the name of “Qatar, it’s time to prevent lead”, the activity was in Rainbow St. – Amman and with a great participation of many volunteers from the Faculty of Natural Resources & Environment – Hashemite University, Association of “we are for you” and “Street Theater” band.
Green Maps Campaign – Mahes city
Within the activity of “Global Green Map” camping we was marketing the city of Mahes as a Green City for its great environmental value, however this city was neglected due to many reasons such as climate change which affect it obviously, our team mission was to arrange and implement a workshop with the local community to rise the environmental awareness especially about the climate change impacts & solutions.
Environmental Open Day with partner UN Volunteers 2013
In Hashemite University – Faculty of Natural Resources & Environment our team has started the “Environmental Open Day” activity, which was targeting the students of the university and aims to rise their environmental awareness about the climate change issue in general, the Open Day included many distinctive activities such as Environmental Cinema, Environmental Fashion Show from recycled materials and Environmental Gallery.
In 2014 another Open Day held in the same faculty and it was similar to the previous one but with extra activities includes some practical methods to save environment which could be implemented on both personal and institutional level.